AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine: review of very rare cases of unusual blood clots continues
EMA’s safety committee (PRAC) is meeting today, 31 March, in the context of its ongoing review of very rare cases of unusual blood clots associated with low numbers of platelets, in people vaccinated with AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine (now called Vaxzevria).
EMA convened an ad hoc expert group meeting on Monday, 29 March, to provide further input into the ongoing assessment. Independent external experts with a range of medical specialities, including haematologists, neurologists, and epidemiologists, discussed specific aspects such as possible mechanisms, whether underlying risk factors could be identified, and what additional data are needed to further characterise the observed events and the potential risk. The outcome of this meeting will be discussed by the PRAC and feed into its ongoing evaluation.
At present, the review has not identified any specific risk factors, such as age, gender, or a previous medical history of clotting disorders, for these very rare events. A causal link with the vaccine is not proven but is possible and further analysis is continuing.
As communicated on 18 March, EMA is of the view that the benefits of the AstraZeneca vaccine in preventing COVID-19, with its associated risk of hospitalization and death, outweigh the risks of side effects.
More information and advice for healthcare professionals and the public is available in the vaccine’s product information and the associated direct healthcare professional communication. Vaccinated people should be aware of the remote possibility of these very rare types of blood clots occurring. If they have symptoms suggestive of clotting problems as described in the product information, they should seek immediate medical attention and inform healthcare professionals of their recent vaccination.
EMA continues to work with the national authorities in the EU Member States to ensure that suspected cases of unusual blood clots are reported; these cases are being analyzed in PRAC’s ongoing assessment.
Based on all the currently available data, PRAC is expected to issue an updated recommendation during its April plenary meeting (6–9 April).
The report describing the PRAC’s preliminary assessment of the reported cases of blood clots and conclusions is available on the EMA website.
More about the procedure
The review of cases of very rare cases of unusual blood clots associated with low blood platelets (thrombocytopenia) is being carried out in the context of a safety signal, under an accelerated timetable. A safety signal is a piece of information on a new or incompletely documented adverse event that is potentially caused by medicine such as a vaccine and that warrants further investigation.
The review is being carried out by EMA's Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC), the Committee responsible for the evaluation of safety issues for human medicines. Once the review is completed, PRAC will make any recommendations necessary to minimize risks and protect patients’ health. The PRAC recommendations will then be sent to the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP), responsible for questions concerning medicines for human use, which will rapidly adopt the Agency’s opinion.
EMA provides scientific recommendations underpinning the safe and effective use of COVID-19 vaccines.
EMA’s recommendations are the foundation upon which the individual EU Member States will design and implement their own national vaccination campaigns. These may differ from country to country depending on their national needs and circumstances, such as infection rates, priority populations, vaccine availability, and hospitalisation rates.